Harold A. Hartung, born 1918, New York City
1942: BS in ChE, Drexel Institute of Technology
1946: Discharged, US Army, Captain, CWS
1947: MS in ChE, PChem minor, University of Pennsylvania
Registered Professional Engineer, Commonwealth of Penna.
1947-60: Atlantic Refining Co., R&D Department: Paraffin wax production, fractionation, refining; lube & process oil production, refining; industrial lubricant R&D (metalworking fluids, turbine & hydraulic fluids, rust preventives, etc); technical service to customers and ARCo tanker fleet turbine drives; crankcase lubricants, aircraft jet fuels & lubes in automotive lab. Supervised Multiple labs; ARCo and Society committee work; patents and technical publications.
1960-76: Consultant in lubrication, PChem and ChE; bought small chemical plant making wax emulsions and hard surface cleaners; set up lab to service company and consulting work. Expanded operations included coatings for food packaging films; engine testing of fuel additives; predicting viscosity of lubes under pressure (150000 psi); plant for slabbing paraffin wax; market surveys, design & construction of automatic equipment & controls for clients. Developed micro nutrient complexing system for client, made product; designed & built two large ammonium thiosulfate plants, one conventional, one novel. Technical publications, patents.
1976-78: Went full time with MacAndrews & Forbes Co, licorice root extractors, to attack many technical problems from within: engineering, process, plant design, quality control, new products, tech staff, training, etc. Concept and design of trickle filter to solve serious long-standing pollution problem. Process for making MAG (mono ammonium glycyrrhizinate) sweetener; designed & built plant, trained staff, etc. Patents. Left, matters in hand, to support another client.
1978-81: Stoller Chemical Co., Houston, seven-plant operation for ag chemicals other than N, P, K. Quality control, waste disposal, regulatory compliance, new products, operation & maintenance, new processes & plants for flowable fungicides and another unique ammonium thio plant. Patents.
1976-81: The scope of activities was rather broad:
Engineering: Mixing, fluid flow, heat transfer, crystallization, distillation, filtration, drying, ion exchange, extraction (organic, inorganic, aqueous, non-aqueous), corrosion & maintenance, instrumentation, cleaning. Process & plant design & construction, from simple mixers to complex MAG.
Technical: Leaf surface energy, micron particle size distribution, permeability, pseudo-gel phase changes, biological instability and degradation, etc.
Waste: Regulatory compliance, recycle systems, evaporation ponds, settlers, complete biodegradation plant.
Extractions: Processes & plants for economic metal recovery from waste streams; fresh & spent licorice root fractions.
Phosphate rock: Processes for direct utilization in granular and suspension fertilizers, avoiding superphosphate.
Seedling and Growth Tests: From simple pots to hydroponics.
Oil Well Chemicals: Scavenger studies for oxygen and hydrogen sulfide in muds, phase relations, stabilization.
OC: analytical, trouble-shooting, patent work, development of new products of great variety were also involved here.
1981-2004: A number of smaller projects undertaken early: Survey of acid sludge site, process to stabilize, verified; six-month market survey; electrostatics in film processing, product to alleviate; VOC's from paper coating; control of acid water runoff from waste site; non-aqueous ion exchange process and products therefrom; consolidation of dilute aqueous waste streams.
A major project dominated this period: Recovery of peat humic substances (PHS). This required development of a novel process, with US and Canadian patents. Pilot demonstration plant was upgraded to a modest production facility; process can also produce fuel peat, horticultural peat, peat fiber.
PHS was first used in agriculture; it is unusually effective compared to other humic sources. A massive literature search supported this work and ultimately led to previously unreported concept that sewage plant microorganisms could be stimulated; this application grew steadily in scope and importance. Also during this period, peat samples from many sources were evaluated for potential licensees; PHS from all over was found to be of equal high activity.
A PHS patent licensee acquired the pilot plant to begin manufacturing, upgrading as required, becoming a commercial source for PHS. On-going ag and sewage plant work shows that PHS can stimulate virtually all microorganisms in complex populations: Aerobic, anaerobic, heterotrophic, autotrophic, etc. PHS continues to show activity far above material from other humic sources.
Anthropogenic Peat (AP) is a direct descendent of the ag and sewage plant experience cited above. Global warming (GW) due to greenhouse gases is a function of level (concentration) in the atmosphere. The most important of these gases, C02, is essential for creating biomass; plants take it up from dilute solution in air (ca. 365ppm). If this biomass is then digested anaerobically, as in sewage plants, the products are methane and CO2, plus stabilized organic residue. CH4 is an energy and petrochemical source; CO2 and residue can be segregated to help control CO2 level in the air and thus GW by removal. AP works without stimulation; PHS makes it work better. Further patents on its manufacture have been obtained, and some papers have described its use and effects:
HUMIC SUBSTANCES - General
1. "Stimulation of Microorganisms by Humic Substance", H. A. Hartung, Seville, Spain, 1988 (see 5 below for publication).
2. "Microorganism Stimulation by Humic Substances", H. A. Hartung, Proc.
Int. Symp. on Peat, Bemidji State University, Bemidji, Minn., May 16-19, 1989.
3. "Anaerobic Digester Stimulation", H. A. Hartung, Proceedings PEAT 90, Jyvaskyla, Finland, June 11-15, 1990.
4. "Stimulation of the Growth of Biomass and Its Conversion by Anaerobic Digestion", H. A. Hartung, Solar Engineering 1991, ASME, NY, NY, pages 125-129.
5. "Stimulation of anaerobic digestion with peat humic substance", H. A.
Hartung, The Science of the Total Environment, volume 113 (1992),
pages 17-33 (publication of paper 1 above).
6. "The Algicidal Action of a Peat Humic Substance and Its Copper Chelate in Ponds", H. A. Hartung and P. G. Allread, 6th International IHSS Meeting, Monopoli, Italy, 9/20-25/1992.
7. "The Toxicity of Polymers Used in Wastewater Treatment", H. A.
Hartung, Federal Environmental Restoration (III) & Waste Minimization
(II) Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, LA, 4/25-29/1994.
8. "Evaluating Anaerobic Digestion for Reduction of Organic Wastes", H.
A. Hartung, ibid (7 above).
ANTHROPOGENIC PEAT (AP)
9. "Energy and Carbon Dioxide Control from Biomass through Anthropogenic Peat", H. A. Hartung, Proceedings 26th IECEC (American Nuclear Society), Boston, volume 5, pages 49-54, 8/4-9/1991.
10. "Anthropogenic Peat and the Stabilization of Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere", H. A. Hartung, EcoWorld '92, ASME, NY, NY,
6/16/1992 (no proceedings published).
11. "The Stabilization of Carbon Dioxide Level in the Atmosphere", H. A.
Hartung, Proceedings 27th IECEC (SAE), 8/3-7/1992.
12. "Industrial Development, Greenhouse Warming and Anthropogenic Peat",
H. A. Hartung, Proceedings 28th IECEC, (ACS, Washington, DC), 1993,
pages 2.27 - 2.32.
13. "Control of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Level: Implementation of the AP Proposal", H. A. Hartung, Proceedings 29th IECEC (AIAA),
8/7-11/1994, Monterey, California.
14. "Carbon Dioxide Level Control by Anthropogenic Peat: The Anaerobic Digestion of Biomass", H. A. Hartung, Proceedings 30th IECEC, (ASME), 1995, volume 2, pages 61-66.
15. "Carbon Dioxide as a Hazardous Waste: Control of Its Level in the Atmosphere", H. A. Hartung, Proceedings of the I&EC (ACS) Special Symposium, Birmingham, Alabama, 9/9-11/1996.
16. "Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide as a Hazardous Waste: Economics of Its Conversion to Methane", I&EC (ACS) Special Symposium Extended Abstracts,
1997, pages 275-278.
17. "Renewable Methane Energy for the Americas", H. A. Hartung, Proceedings Solar 98: Renewable Energy for the Americas, ASME Solar Energy Division, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 6/13-18/1998.
18. "Biomass - A New Assessment", H. A. Hartung, SOLAR 99 Conference Proceedings, American Solar Energy Society, Portland Maine, 1999.